Classes
Class 9Class 10First YearSecond Year
6. Supply the missing elements of the third row of the given table so that the operation ※ may be associative.\begin{tabular}{|c|c|c|c|c|}\hline ж & a & b & c & d \\\hline a & a & b & c & d \\\hline b & b & a & c & d \\\hline c & - & - & - & - \\\hline d & d & c & c & d \\\hline\end{tabular}

$7. Show that the set consisting of elements of the form a+\sqrt{3} b ( a b being rational) is an abelian group w.r.t. addition.$

Example 1: Ordinary addition multiplication are operations on N . i.e. N is closed with respect to ordinary addition and multiplication because$\forall a b \in N a+b \in N \wedge a . b \in N$( \forall stands for" for all" and \wedge stands for" and")

$4. Write two proper subsets of each of the following sets: -vii) W$

$4. Determine whether each of the following is a tautology a contingency or an absurdity: -ii) p \rightarrow(q \rightarrow p)$

Example 4: If B=\{123\} then$P(B)=\{\Phi\{1\}\{2\}\{3\}\{12\}\{13\}\{23\}\{123\}\}$

$4. Write two proper subsets of each of the following sets: -ii) \{01\}$