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##### Specific heat of a gas at constant pressure is greater than specific heat at constant volume. Why?

Show that ratio of the root mean square speeds of molecules of two different gases at a certain temperature is equal to the square root of the inverse ratio of their masses.

Which one of the following process is irreversible?(a) Slow compressions of an elastic spring.(b) Slow evaporation of a substance in an isolated vessel.(c) Slow compression of a gas.(d) A chemical explosion.

EXAMPLE 11.4The turbine in a steam power plant takes steam from a boiler at 427{ }^{\circ} \mathrm{C} and exhausts into a low temperature reservoir at 77^{\circ} \mathrm{C} . What is the maximum possible efficiency.

A carnot engine utilises an ideal gas. The source temperature is 227^{\circ} \mathrm{C} and the sink temperature is 127^{\circ} \mathrm{C} . Find the efficiency of the engine. Also find the heat input from the source and heat rejected to the sink when 10000 \mathrm{~J} of work is done.

A heat engine performs 100 \mathrm{~J} of work and at the same time rejects 400 \mathrm{~J} of heat energy to the cold reservoirs. What is the efficiency of the engine?

Is it possible to convert internal energy into mechanical energy? Explain with an example.